Brukenthal Collection at
Museum Jacquemart-André, 158, bd Haussmann .
From September 11 to 11 January 2010.
With over two million
including 1 300 paintings, the collection of Samuel Brukenthal could be
that one of the france's king. Yet Brukenthal born in a modest family
at Nocrich, Romania, in 1721. In Vienna he came to study in school
administration, the Empress Maria Theresa was impressed by him. They
become lovers, she helped him and gave him a post of
in his native Transylvania. She also gave him many paintings,
of Bruegel taken directly from the treasuries of the Crown of Austria.
Brukenthal was also a passionate collector. Sensitive to the philosophy
of Voltaire and Diderot, he wants to create a humanist museum
to every citizen. In the late eighteenth century, the Flemish painting
is in fashion after years of predominantly Italian. In his collection,
no Van der Weyden but few Van Eyck and Memling.
No Rubens but
Jordaens. Brukenthal does not present his collection chronologically
but by genre Designed around 45 paintings mistresses of Sibiu, on wood
or canvas - an invention Flemish - the exhibition at
Jacquemart-Andre respects this arrangement. Simple description of
botanical deer in the sixteenth, landscapes, sky, trees and
without another topic. The portraits are varied. The Flemish
painting was made with to linseed oil and not the egg, which give more
glance in the colors. Scenes from mythology sing love,
scenes, humility. The exhibition ends with still lifes entangling
garlands of flowers, fruit or food to talk about love, meat feast
or Christian party. Brukenthal wanted to build a collection
that reflects the beauty and attractions worldwide. The two million
objects he gathers with the help of a many experts are divided between
1 300 paintings, 30 000 books but also antiques, medals and cameos,
curios and art objects, and also treasures of nature, rocks and stuffed
animals. Each section is now the subject of a special museum in Sibiu.