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Dead Sea Scrolls Paris Bibliotheque Nationale de france BNF

Several  Qumran manuscripts are presented to BNF. They show that the Bible was not written in one day. This is one of the greatest archaeological discoveries of the twentieth century, which sparked hopes and controversy among Jews and Christians, and an incredible treasure hunt. The Dead Sea Scrolls, which are the subject of an exhibition at the BNF, until July 11, draining even a hint of mystery. These texts bring us closer to the big bang of the Bible, Book founder of the three monotheistic religions. With this discovery, it has won a thousand years of knowledge.  With nearly 900 manuscripts, is a specialized library in Jewish spirituality that has rested for nearly two centuries in eleven caves. All of this Qumran Jewish writings oldest ever assembled, but also a testimony that illuminates the religious life at the time of the birth of Christianity. France, which has contributed greatly to dig through the father of Vaux, has acquired "legally" 351 pieces of these precious writings, now exhibited. She also received a loan from the Museum of Jerusalem, which has eight large rolls, the best preserved in the Shrine of the Book - a kind of dome in darkness, recalling the atmosphere of the caves discovered from 1947 .  That year, the Bedouin discovered, in what is still Jordan, rolls of leather. Semi-nomadic, they have long known appetite for the Western antiques. Praising their services to archaeologists, they will both help and compete to find ten other caves. Researchers organize the excavation while the Bedouins are organizing on their side, the receiving part of the manuscripts.  The young State of Israel in search of national identity and consider themselves the sole trustee of the Jewish heritage of antiquity, will lead an all-out hunt for almost twenty years to repatriate and buy the rolls. In 1951, the discovery of texts on a religious group - probably the Essenes, a stir among Christians. We can make a parallel between this Jewish movement (very pious, chaste, until the Messiah), and the early Christians, seeing in these caves the ancestor of the monasteries. Some biblical scholars even claim that American John the Baptist was a member of the Qumran sect.  In the 1950s, millions of visitors who flocked to the exhibitions held in London or Paris are more like pilgrims worshiping relics as tourists.  Since then, secularization has largely won the minds, at least in France. But the exhibition of manuscripts, staged in a historical context, is worth a visit. If not for religious reasons at least for aesthetic reasons: the staging of Philip Maffre, tan and black, supported by huge pieces of Plexiglas suspended from the ceiling, can feel a part of the excitement felt by archaeologists, sixty years ago.

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